Our countermeasure products test required the construction of a red light camera that replicates the two prevalent U.S. systems, from Redflex Systems and American Traffic Solutions (ATS).
First we analyzed several of these sites around metro Phoenix. We measured the height of the camera and strobe units with an LTI TruSpeed S laser range finder. With the laser we measured the distance from camera lens to the rear plate of our target vehicle at the moment the photos are snapped. (Two still images are taken from the rear: the A photo as it passes the stop line, the B photo in mid-intersection.)
We also noted the angle between the cameras and the vehicle's path, the most crucial factor in a plate cover's performance.
Our red light camera system was set up next to a city street. We used a Nikon D70 DSLR with a 70-300mm Nikkor f/4.5-5.6 lens. The camera was located eight feet above ground, snapping a photo when the target car's back bumper was about 80 feet away. We used a Photogenic 600 WS strobe flash with a 7.5-inch-diameter reflector, mounted 10 feet above ground level.
We ran three sets of tests with each plate: one with the camera at 10 degrees, another at a 22-degree angle and the third at a 35-degree angle.
A 10-degree angle between target path and camera is not uncommon among fixed speed cameras; a 35-degree angle is. Twenty-two degrees replicates the angle employed by photo radar (radar speed vans).
From experience we expected the plate covers to become effective only at steep angles well beyond those used by red light cameras. Regardless, we measured their effectiveness at 35 degrees to give them the best chance of success.
Some of these license plate covers can be spotted from a distance and during the year-long evaluation, our testers were pulled over three times by curious officers. One, an Arizona State trooper, wasted no words, "Your choice: either take it off or I'll cite you for an obscured plate."
The ticket would have been an equipment violation, a.k.a. fix-it ticket, a no-points citation usually dismissed by the judge when proof of the corrective action is presented.
Keep in mind that driving with some of these covers provides a cop with probable cause to make a traffic stop. But if you thrive on adversity or enjoy chatting with a uniformed gent wearing a gun and badge, don't let us stop you.